Ancient Egypt Writing
The student was allowed to use paper in the higher grades. One of the most significant components of Egyptian trade, and another associated with permanent gifts to the world is Ancient Egypt writing in some recoverable format.
The stem for the papyrus plant was cut into strips, other strips were placed crosswise upon these, the sheet was pressed, and paper, the very stuff (and nonsense) of civilization, was made.
How well they made it could be judged through the fact that manuscripts compiled by them five thousand years back are nevertheless intact and legible.
Sheets were combined into books by gumming the right edge of one sheet into the left edge of the next; in because of this rolls were produced that have been sometimes forty yards in length; they certainly were seldom longer, for there were no verbose historians in Egypt.
Ink, black and indestructible, was made by mixing water with soot and vegetable gums on a wooden palette; the pen was a straightforward reed, fashioned at the tip into a tiny brush.
The egyptians wrote the most ancient of literatures with these modern instruments
With these modern instruments the Egyptians wrote the most ancient of literatures.
Their language had probably may be found in from Asia; the oldest specimens of it show many Semitic affinities.
The writing that is earliest was apparently pictographic and object was represented by drawing a picture from it: e.g. the phrase for house (Egyptian per) was indicated by a little rectangle with an opening on one of the long sides.
As some ideas were too abstract to be literally pictured, pictography passed into ideography: certain pictures were by custom and convention used to represent not the objects pictured but the ideas suggested by them; and so the forepart of a lion meant supremacy (such as the Sphinx), a wasp meant royalty, and a tadpole stood for thousands.
As a development that is further this line, abstract ideas, which had to start with resisted representation, were indicated by picturing objects whose names happened to resemble the spoken words that corresponded to your ideas; so the picture of a lute came to mean not only lute, but good, as the Egyptian word-sound for luteвЂ”neferвЂ” resembled the word-sound for goodвЂ”nofer.
Queer rebus combinations grew away from these homonyms words of like sound but different meanings.
The scribe, being puzzled to find a picture for so intangible a conception, split the word into parts, kho-pi-ru, expressed these by picturing in succession a sieve (called in the spoken language khau), a mat (pi), and a mouth (ru); use and wont, which sanctify so many absurdities, soon made this strange assortment of characters suggest the idea of being since the verb to be was expressed in the spoken language by the sound khopiru.
In this way the Egyptian arrived in the syllable
This way the Ancient Egypt writting arrived at the syllable, the syllabic sign, together with syllabary i.e., a group of syllabic signs; and by dividing difficult words into syllables, finding homonyms for those, and drawing in combinaВ¬tion the objects suggested by these syllabic sounds, he was able, in the course of time, to make the hieroglyphic signs convey almost any idea.
Only one step remained to invent letters in ancient Egypt writing.
The sign for a homely house meant at first the phrase for house per; then it meant the sound per, or p-r with any vowel in between, as a syllable in every word.
Then the picture was shortened, and used to represent the sound po, pa, pu, pe or pi in virtually any word; and because vowels were never written, it was comparable to having a character for P. By a like development the sign for a hand (Egyptian dot) came to mean do, da, etc., finally D; the sign for mouth (ro or ru) came to mean jR; the sign for snake (zt) became Z; the sign for lake (shy) became Sh. . . .
The result was an alphabet of twenty-four consonants, which passed with Egyptian and Phoenician trade to all quarters associated with Mediterranean, and came down, via Greece and Rome, as one of the most precious parts of our Oriental heritage.
In Ancient Egypt writing, Hieroglyphics are as old as the initial dynasties; alphabetic characters appear first in inscriptions left by the Egyptians into the mines associated with the Sinai’peninsula, variously dated at 2500 and 1500 B.c.
The Egyptians never adopted a completely alphabetic writing
Whether wisely or otherwise not, the Ancient Egypt writing never adopted a completely alphabetic writing; like modern stenographers they mingled pictographs, ideographs and syllabic signs using their letters to your very end of these civilization.
It has managed to get difficult for scholars to read through Egyptian, but it is quite conceivable that such a medley of longhand and shorthand facilitated the continuing business of writing for those of you Egyptians who could spare the full time to learn it.
Since English speech isn’t any honorable guide to English spelling, it is probably as hard for a contemporary lad to learn the devious ways of English orthography since it was when it comes to Egyptian scribe to memorize by use the five hundred hieroglyphs, their secondary syllabic meanings, and their tertiary alphabetic uses.
A more rapid and sketchy form of ancient Egypt writing was developed for manuscripts, as essay paper for sale distinguished from the careful „sacred carvings” of the monuments in the course of time.
Because this corruption of hieroglyphic was first produced by the priests and the temple scribes, it had been called by the Greeks hieratic; but it soon passed into common use for public, commercial and documents that are private.
A still more abbreviated and form that is careless of script was developed because of the common people, and for that reason came into existence known as demotic.
Regarding the monuments, however, the Egyptian insisted on having his lordly and lovely hieroglyphic egypt that is perhaps ancient was the essential picturesque type of writing ever made.